Smoothing corns and callouses and how they get started

Those thick areas of skin that form on your feet are the result of pressure and corns and callouses are one of the most common afflictions treated by a Toronto podiatrist. Friction and dead skin are the two ingredients that can combine to harden and a plantar callus usually forms at the bottom of your foot.

Some of the corns that you can encounter have a dense core and can be located at the top of the toe. What is called a soft corn can be found between the toes and is characterized by a tender reddened area of skin. A seed corn is found on the heel or ball of the foot and these circles of dead skin can often be quite painful.



Relieving the pressure and smoothing over corns and calluses takes the form of several different treatment options that include corrective footwear and in more severe cases removal. Keep in mind that if a callouse gets cut open and starts to bleed you should contact your Toronto podiatrist immediately to prevent infection.

As far as calluses go, there are a few things that you can do to prevent these nasty buildups on your feet. Washing them daily with a mild soap and water keeps them clean and hydrated to prevent the buildup of dead hardened skin. Another one of the measures that a Toronto podiatrist can help you with is staying away from the kind of ill fitting shoes that promote friction.


High heels and tight shoes

Keep in mind that high heels and tight shoes can squeeze areas of your foot and create the very atmosphere were corns and calluses can appear. On the other side of the coin, footwear that is too loose can cause your feet to slide up against the sides of the shoe and cause the same kind of pressure points.

Sandals may look good and even feel comfortable in the hotter weather, but you need to be careful that they aren’t causing part of the problem at the same time. Wearing any kind of shoe without the proper socks can cause corns and calluses to develop. Even socks that are too big or too small set up the kind of situation where corns and callouses can erupt.
There are even certain medical conditions that can lead to these aliments like a bone spur which can cause the side of your foot to rub against the inside of the shoe.

Bunion Surgery and Your Other Options

Bunions are common but that doesn’t make this foot deformity any less painful or unpleasant. One of the most interesting facts about this issue is it’s often a direct response to our desire to look fashionable and wear shoes that are too narrow in the toe area. That’s why women are often more susceptible to bunions than men.

One of the most common types of bunions form when the big toe presses against the next toe and the joint is forced out. However, wearing those fashionably slender shoes isn’t the only reason for bunions and arthritis is another cause as well as inherited structural defects. Callouses, corns, soreness and redness are just some of the symptoms of this often painful foot problem.

Although bunions don’t always cause any kind of persistent painful issues, there are a few complications that can arise from them including Hammertoe, Bursitis and Metatarsalgia.



Correcting bunions isn’t always about having surgery. There are several alternatives that can relieve the pain and pressure associated with a bunion and one of the most simple and straightforward is changing the kind of shoes that you wear. Comfort over fashion can alleviate some of the problems associated with bunions and more roomy choices are a good start.

Choosing the right kind of shoe inserts can help evenly distribute the pressure when you move your feet and help to solve the issue too. While these can do their part in preventing your bunion from getting worse, they won’t do much to alleviate the problem completely.


That’s why bunion surgery is one of the choices that needs to be explored. There are several options that can help to correct the problem including removing the swollen tissue that’s formed around the joint. Quite often it’s a good idea to look at the root cause of the bunion itself and a good surgeon will be able to realign the bone that runs from the back of the foot to your front toe to set it in its correct position. Part of the bone from your big toe can be removed or the bones of the affected joint can be joined permanently.
Regardless of the route that you decide to take to correct your bunions, you should consider putting those narrow shoes away in a closet permanently if you don’t want to have a reoccurrence. Remember the usual recovery period after one of these surgeries takes anywhere from six weeks to six months or even up to one year.